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Referencing: Referencing

Referencing Introduction

When you use information or ideas created by other people in your essays or assignments, you need to let readers know you have done this.

Copying something written by another person and putting it into your assignment as if it is your own work is known as PLAGIARISM.  You are not allowed to do this in college.

There are two basic types of referencing system:

Author Date  This is also known as the Harvard Referencing System

Numbered Notes 

Cite them right online

Endnote - adding page numbers to an in text citation.

This guide assumes you already know how to add an in text citation using the Endnote Cite While You Write Plugin in Microsoft Word. 


How to add the page number to an in text citation.

  • Right click on the in text citation
  • Click edit citation
  • Click more
  • for just the page type it into the page text box
  • click ok
  • for example type in 1108 example result:  (Baxter and Jack 2008, p.1108)
  • for the start and end pages (pp.) type in for example 1108-1120
  • example result: (Baxter and Jack 2008, pp.1108-1120)

How to add the page number without the p. or pp.

  • Right click on the in text citation
  • Click edit citation
  • Click more
  • for just the page type a comma, space and page number into the suffix text box 
  • for example type in , 1108 example result:  (Baxter and Jack 2008, 1108)
  • for the start and end pages (pp.) type in for example , 1108-1120
  • example result :  (Baxter and Jack 2008, 1108-1120)

Quick Example Video

Alternative Referencing Software

Zotero is a free, open source, web-based tool for managing citations, organizing pdfs and creating bibliographics.  Self-guided instruction in the form of tutorials, FAQs and help are available.

Mendeley is a free, web-based tool for managing references, creating bibliographies and managing pdfs.  Self-guided instruction in the form of tutorials, FAQs and help are available throught Mendelay.


You have begun your thesis or dissertation and have a large number of  PDF's of articles in a folder on your pc or pen drive, but have no referencing done. Sound familiar? It's more common than you think!! We have come up with a workaround that might help. If anyone wants a tutorial or face to face help on this just email us and we will arrange an appointment with you. 

Step 1. Register with, download and install Mendeley. 

Go to and create a free account (2GB of space is free). Download and install the Mendeley software (the link is at the bottom of the Mendeley website)

Step 2. Import your documents into Mendeley

Open the Folder the documents are in, and drag all your PDF's into the Mendeley window. See the video below for more info on this process.


Once you click sync in Mendeley desktop and login , your papers will also be stored in Mendeley online (up to 2 GB worth of storage space is free)

Mendeley automatically searches the internet and finds citation details for your papers. Double check the citation information and type in any missing data before you export for endnote basic. See the video below of us importing papers  into Mendeley and editing any errors.

Step 3. Export to computer

Once you have your papers imported and have double checked the accuracy, just

  • select all your papers (only ones you have selected will be exported)
  • Click File
  • click export and in the popup window that appears select  the location (for example desktop) where you want to save the file. 
  • Make sure you select RIS as the file type
  • save the RIS file to your pc

Step 4. Import into Endnote Basic

  • If you have the Endnote plugin installed all you have to do is double click on the RIS file you just created, and a popup menu will appear asking you to input your Endnote Basic login details.
  • The Mendeley citations will then be all imported into Endnote Basic.

Step 5. Start using the Endnote Plugin for Word to correct and add your citations in your theses.

Help on using the Endnote Basic  plugin in word:

How to import the citations in the RIS file to Endnote Basic If you do not have the Endnote Basic plugin installed:

  • open Endnote Basic, click collect and then click import references 
  • Choose your file from the desktop or wherever you saved it
  • for import option choose Refman RIS and then click import.

More help on Mendeley

Harvard or Author Date Referencing System

The Library provides access to a comprehensive guide to Harvard Referencing.

Cite Them Right


There is also a Quick Start Guide to Harvard Referencing provided as a handout in the brochure holders at the Library Information Desk.  This is not comprehensive and refers users to Cite Them Right.

Numbered Systems

Cite Them Right also provides guidance to a range of numbered referencing styles such as Vancouver

Yeats Library Videos


Endnote Online is a tool which allows you to collect, organise and format references when carrying out course assignments or research.  It is not a referencying style, it is software which allows you to work with a range of referencing styles.

The library has three guides to using Endnote

Endnote Online Quick Start Guide

Endnote Online Import/Export Quick Start Guide

Endnote Online Cite While You Write Quick Start Guide.

IT Sligo Staff and Students should access Endnote Online through the Web of Science link.  This ensures that they have access to Endnote Online resources set up by IT Sligo:

Endnote Online via Web of Science

(You may need to enter your IT Sligo Login and password)

(Note:  The IT Sligo login is your student email [studentnumber] and your IT Sligo password.  If at any point your student email is not successful as a login, try your student number on its own.  For login difficulties email:

In Web of Science choose the Endnote link along the top of the screen.  You will need to Register for Endnote Online.  Your login will be your IT Sligo email address but you will set up a separate password for Endnote Online.   (For login difficulties email:

Direct access to Endnote Online is available at the link below.  Note:  Prior to using Endnote Online you need to register by logging into Web of Science. See Endnote Online Quick Start Guide above.  Consider always using the Web of Science route to ensure you have the correct login.

The Library has created Working Examples of references entered in Endnote Online for different types of material.

Working Examples for Endnote Online